The name hawking also knows falconry is a game, art or sport which involves the use of trained raptors or birds to hunt or pursue games for humans. There are two traditional ways used to describe a person engaged in falconry: a falconer flies a falcon; an austringer flies a hawk or accipiter. In modern falconry, the Harris Hawk and Red-tailed Hawk are commonly used.
History of falconry
Some claim that the art of falconry originated in Mesopotamia while others argue that it began in the Far East. The earliest evidence of the sport comes around the reign of Sargon II (722-705 BC). Falconry was probably introduced in Europe around 400 AD, particularly when the Huns and Alans invaded from the East. One of the earliest European noblemen to take advantage in the interest of falconry was Fredrick II of Hohenstaufen. He is regarded to be the first individual to possess first-hand knowledge of Arabic Falconry during the wars prevalent in the region from June 1228-June 1229. He had obtained a copy of Moamyn’s manual on falconry and later had it translated into Latin by Theodore of Antioch. It was Fredrick II by himself who made corrections to the translation in 1241 which resulted in the De Scientia Venandi per Aves.
Historically, falconry was considered a favorite sport and status symbol particularly among the nobles of medieval Europe and feudal Japan. In Japanese culture, this sport is called Takagari. Since the eggs and chicks of such raptors were rare and expensive and raising and training a falcon requires a great deal of time, space and money. It was most accessible and restricted to the noble classes. In Japan, there exist more severe restrictions on who can hunt which animals and where based on rank within the samurai class. In aspects of art and other elements of literature, falconry was considered a status symbol long after it was not practiced. Eagles and hawks displayed on the wall could represent the sense of noble or metaphorically speaking as noble and fierce. Items such as woodblock prints or painting of falcons could only be purchased by the wealthy commissioners and were considered the next best thing to partaking in the sport, which again represents a certain degree of nobility.
Broadwings: Buzzards, Eagles and Harris hawks